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Samuel (Mulka) Yaffe, born in Riga, Latvia, member of Hashomer Hatzair-Netzach managed to escape from the Soviet Union in 1945, at age 27, shortly after the end of World War II. On his way to Israel he arrived in Italy, where he encountered members of the Jewish Brigade. Risking his own life, he returned to Russia in order to smuggle members of his movement and other Jews stranded in the Soviet Union across the Soviet border so that they could make their way to Israel. Toward the end of this daring enterprise he was arrested by Soviet security forces and sentenced to 25 years in a forced labor camp, where he perished. His friend Yacov Yanai, who was like a brother to him and worked with him, was also sentenced to 25 years. He survived, came to Israel and told Mulka’s story.
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